By Jahangir Alam Akash, To found a Golden Bengal without exploitation-deprivation, hunger-poverty and corruptions was the real force behind the great war of independence. Unfortunately it is true that this aim has not been achieved after 38 years of liberation. National unity is the most significant in the important national issues. During the global economic crisis and deficit of food, on the last 17 October was the day of international day of the prevention of the poverty. The world leaders have promised to evict disparity and poverty. With them, the Prime Minister of Bangladesh is also committed to the nation in the same issue, although hunger and children without nutrition are increasing.
Amongst 600 crores of the world population, 100 crore are hungry. Bangladesh is one of the most thickly populated countries. In the list of 27 hungry and poor countries, Bangladesh is in no. 13. Population is now more than 15 crores. The growth (as per government statistics) is 1.41. Half of the poverty-stricken people live ‚from hand to mouth’. Columnist Niamat Ali wrote, 8 crores Bengalis are hungry. 40% live under poverty standard. In Dhaka city, 6 hundred thousand children have nothing to eat and they sleep on the streets. In the national committee-function of ‚against the poverty’, the leader of the opposing BNP Chairperson and Ex Prime Minister Begum Khaleda Zia did not attend. Total nation has hoped that at least on this issue a strong national unity would grow. But that did not come true! The national problems with ‘Tipaimukh dam’, people have experienced the same situation.
During the army-controlled Emergency interim government, in those 2 years of mad administrations, two big national leaders, Ex Prime Ministers, Sk. Hasina and Begum Zia were in Jails for a long time. People started to hope that after 29 December Election, political mentalities of these two leaders would be changed. In the culture of national politics, qualitative changes would come. But with the absence of opposition leader in the ‚Poverty-Prevention-Day’ – function, the bitter truth was again confirmed, ‚No change has been occurred!’
Sk Hasina said if corruption is not checked, poverty will never end. She also said, corrupts have no pardon even if they belong to her own party! She winked to he opposion leader and said that those who embezzle orphans’ money, what they can give to the country? She further said to solve the crisis, democracy is mostly needed. (Daily Sangbad, 18.10.2009). Yes, her opinions are very much justified. ‚But what I do not follow, what is use of only saying?’ She has emphasized on democracy to solve the problems. We also think so. But when talk and act do not coincide, we become septic. We have not seen the easiest way of democracy has been followed in the last Awami league Council.
She has called for actions (like Jihad!) against corruptions but at the same time some her MPs are buying big and luxurious cars. In the report of English daily Star, the newly elected AL-MP from Rajshahi-3 (Poba-Mohonpur) Merajuddin Molla has recently bought a luxury car of 22 lacs Taka. But only 10 months ago during election while submitting the income-tax return he showed his yearly income as only 1 lac Taka! The Councilor and MP Meraj Molla after 10 months of election, his buying of such a costly car is an evidence that the statement of Prime Minister and the truth are how much near! We want the effective realisation of her sayings.
Bangladesh must be democratic, rule of law must come and corruptions and hunger must be wiped out. For this, we need a radical change in total system which has no substitute. Education and strong economic base have to be achieved. People will rightly valuate if politicians work for their welfare. Please give up the politics of reciprocal blaming. Not in words, rather in works stays the real identity, it must be proved. 18.10.2009
Editor, The Human Rights Today
Archive for March, 2010
By Jahangir Alam Akash, The death sentences of six Militants including Siddiqul Islam alias ‚Bangla Bhai’ (in reality ‚Pakibhai’), the real founder of Militancy in Bangladesh and his spiritual Guru Shayokh Abdul Rahman were effected in March 2007. On the charges of killings the judges in Jhalokhathi, they were sentenced to death. On the other side, Dr. Muhammad Asadullah Ghalib, Professor and Ex Chairman of Arabic Department of Rajshahi University, charged with militant activities, has been released after a long imprisonment. But the influential’s of BNP-Jamat qualition government who were the chief patrons of the Militants are still out of touch! The local cadres of Banglabhai, Abdur Rahman and Dr. Ghalib are also free. Besides Militant Godfathers are also still untouched. No trial was held following the more than years of tortures and reign of terrors in the name of so-called ‚Shorobohara-subdue’ by Shayokh Rahman and Banglabhai in Northbengal. The victims’ allegations and crying are floating on the ear in Northern areas specially in greater Rajshahi. The Justice cry in secret! Banglabhai was a real picture of terror in greater Rajshahi. He led his personal social, political, economic and administrative reign here. More than one ministers, MP, state Ministers of the last BNP-Jamat-qualition government and other influentials, police have helped him and his armed group in all respects.
On the 1 October 2004 in greater Rajshahi it was started! Suddenly with Crowbar, spears, big choppers, batons and arms in hands with green barrettes in waist and head, a group of militants appeared in Baghmara, Rajshahi. In village Polashi, in the cultivating field poor farmer and Awami League worker Wasim alias Osman Babu 827) was working. Under the leadership of Banglabhai, terrorists made him wounded with choppings and then killed him. After this heinous murder, they went to the Bangmara Police Station celebrating and rejoicing. On this the reign of terror led by Banglabhai in Rajshahi began, under the banner of ‚Shorbohara-killings’. Latter on his reign of terror was spread to the greater Rajshahi in Baghmara, Puthia, Noldanga (Natore), Natore Sadar, Atrai (Natore) and Raninagar Upozilla.
Hung to death: On 29 March, 2007 was executed the order of hung to death of the militant leaders. Leader of banned Islamist militancy group Jamaatul Mujahedin Bangladesh (JMB) Siddiqul Islam alias Bangla Bhai was hanged to death on midnight Thursday 29 March, 2007.
Militant Siddiqul Islam and Abdul Awal were hanged to death in Mymensingh prison. Another convicted militant – Khalid Saifullah was hanged in Pabna prison around the same time.
The dead bodies of the militants were taken to their respective villages amidst tight security for burial.
All three militants were earlier convicted and sentenced to death for grenade attacks that killed a number of innocent people, including two judges named Jagannath Parey and Sohel Ahmed in the coastal town of Jhalkathi.
Registrar of killings and tortures: Bangla Bhai and his armed group through murders and terrors created a reign of terror. Within about one year’s expedition, they killed 32 tying their hands and feet, hanging. About 500 persons have become handicap. At least 3,000 were the victims of torture! Including members of the parliament hundreds of people became homeless. After being abducted from homes by Bangla Bhai-group, including religious minorities Tarun, Shufol, Shushanto of Naogaon, Atrari, Raninagar, Abu Taleb Bhutta of Shajuria village, Shahidul Islam of Baruihati village, at least 5/7 persons are still missing for the last 5 years. Police and local people think, they were all killed. No honest and effective enquiry was made for the killings and tortures by Militants. No trial was performed. The victims’ family have faced much harassments and deceptions but yet they do not give up the hopes of justice. After the coming of power of Sk. Hasina Wajed, this latent hope has been revived again. In the field cases on charges of helping Militants, influential Minister Barrister Aminul Hoque of BNP-Jamat qualition government, Rajshahi BNP-General Secretary Shish Muhammad are sentenced with 31 years of imprisonment. But the defendants could not be arrested by Police or RAB still now.
List of killeds: Identities of the 32 killed by Bangla Bhai and his group through tortures are found. They are, on 1 April 2004, Wasim alias Osman Babu, on 11 April (after tortures, on 11 April, died on 17 April), Militants hanged Golam Robbani Mukul of Kanopara, on 20 April Durgapur Awami League Leader and UP member Ajhar Ali, on 22 April Mosharraf Hossain of Belgharia, Raninagar, , Saifur of Pirgacha, Natore, on 23 July Diponkar of Kashiabari, Atrai (in the same way), on 27 April Diponkar Roy and UP Dafadar of Kashiabari, in the month of April Azahar Ali of Durgapur Awami League and UP member was tortured, he became ill and died last year, on 1 May retired army soldier Sk Farid of Bhonpara, Atrai, unknown 3 persons, on the 13 May Rabeya of Neempara committed suicide after rape on 14 May), on 15 May the deadbody of Abdul Kayyum Badsha was hanged in the tree. He was the much known Awami League and Shorbohara leader of Shafikpur, Raninnagar. On 24 June the Wami League and Shorbohara leader Khejur Ali of Shimba Village, Raninagar was killed, cut into pieces, Afzal of Borogacha of Raninnaga, on 30 June, Union Awami League Publiciy Secretary Yasin Ali of Baghmara Maria Union was hanged in the tree and killed through much torture. On the 25 June, unkown 3 persons of Bashudebpur were killed, on 14 November in the Raninagar Bheti Camp, Chatraleague leader Ziaul Hoque Zia, on 27th NovemberBNP (Mahbub) leader Ali Akbar of in Bishnupur of Taherpur, Baghmara, on 22 January 2oo5, Awami League Sreepur leader Mahabub was killed and attempt was made to kill Awami league popular leader UP Chairman Moqbul Hossain Mridha. Besides, the victim of the torture of Bangla Bhai, the fugitive widow old Rahima died few days back. After about five years, Abdul Bari of Baghmara came back home.
Those who helped and assisted Bangla Bhai and his group: The then SP Rajshahi Masud Mia, much discussed on the Bangla Bhai activities and now fired from the job on the same allegations, Ex BNP MP of Puthia-Durgapur and General Secretary of Rajshahi BNP Nadim Mostofa, Ex BNP-Jamat qualition government’s Housing and Public works State Minister and present LDP leader Alamgir Kabir, Ex land Deputy Minister Ruhul Quddus Talukdar Dulu, The Ex Mayor of Rajshahi City Corporation Mijanur Rahman Minu, Ex Post and Telecommunication Minister Barrister Aminul Hoq. They are all alleged to give Militants gover´nment helps. In the background of Militants’ activities, it is complained that Jamat-Shibir have played a major role. From the 14 political parties including CPB and Awami League, this complain has been made. Besides against the Ex Industry Minister and Chief of Jamat (Ameer) Matur Rahman Nizami and the Secretary General of BNP Ex Social- welfare Minister Ali Ahsan Mujahid, the same complain has been made from them. But the common people believe, the real Godfathers of the Militant activities are the ‚independence-opponents’ murder clique. In the grass roots, all Militants had started their political career with Jamat-Shibir.
The existence of Bangla Bhai denied, then agreed and the order of his arrest: Because of the terrorist activities in the name of so-called ‚Islamic Revolution’, and the atrocities led by Bangla Bhai in Northbengal, Bangladesh Government, inside and outside the country faced tremendous criticism. But BNP-Jamat government Ministers and influential leaders told, ‚there is no existence of Bangla Bhai and Militants in Bangladesh. ‚They are creations of media.’ So the government tried to avoid the responsibility. But on 23 May 2004, the then Prime Minister Begum Khaleda Zia ordered to arrest Bangla Bhai, and for the first time the important persons of the government who told about ‚no existence of Militants or Bangla Bhai’ became ludicrous!
On 22 January 2005 Bangla Bhai cadres came to Baghmara to kill the popular Awami League leader and UP Chairman Moqbul Hossain Mridha but they faced peoles’ resistance. They threw bombs on mob and killed Awami League leader Mahabur Rahman. On this day, by the mass-beatings of furious people, 3 of Banglabhai cadres were killed. After this incidence, on 24 January 2005, the controversial SP of Rajshahi Masud Mia first confessed that ‚there is a Bangla Bhai’! At the same time, Prime Minister again ordered to arrest him. After this order of the Prime Minister, in different places of the country, many Militant-cadres were arrested. From their confessional statements, the names of Bangla Bhai, his spiritual Guru Shayokh Abdur Rahman and his leader, Professor of Rajshahi University, Dr. Muhammad Asadullah Ghalib came out. At the instruction of the highest command of BNP-Jamat government, on 22 February, 2005 at early morning (23 February), Dr. Ghalib and three of his partners, Abdus Samad Salafi, Abdul Latif and Azizullah were arrested. Actually the matter of Banglabhai and Abdur Rahman was kept down. The operation to arrest Banglabhai has been faded away.
On 11 March 2005, the then Rajshahi SP masud Mia was suspended. Later on government fired him on the charges of helping the Militants. On 11 September 2005, from the Police Headquarter Awards were announced for the captures of Bangla Bhai and Shayokh Abdur Rahman. In the same year, 28 September, State Minister of Home declared the amount of this award, 1 Crore for both, 50 lakkhs for each. After much drama, on 1 March 2006, from Shaplabagh Shurja Dighol Bari in Sylhet, Shayokh Rahman surrendered to Police. In the same year on 6 March, Bangla Bhai was arrested in a house in village Rampura of Muktagacha, Mymensingh.
Why Militants’ activites were started: For about a decade, the terrorists of so-called Shorbohara in greater Rajshahi have changed the lives of the people to hell!
The government failed to suppress them. Because of the political bankruptcy police has never made an effective operation against the Shorobihara. The Shorbohara terrorists on 7 February 2004 in the evening, in Kamarpara Bazar, Noldanga Upozilla of Natore shot, slaughtered and killed Gama, the Jubodal leader, nephew of Land Deputy Minister. On this ground BNP supporter terrorists raided 31 houses and 15 shops belonged to Awami League leaders-supporters-workers in Kazipara, Noldanga. They plundered all, demolished and set fire. Fire was set through gunpowder. Two other Nephews of Ex Minister Dulu and Jubodal leader Dollar and Dalim led this devastating destructive event by about 200 armed cadres. In that year in February, Shorbohara killed Land Deputy Minister’s Nephew and Jubodal leader Gama, his partner Jubodal leader Pakhi of Sadhonpur Puthia and Durgapur BNP leader and Ward Commissiioner Anowar. Pakhi and Anowar were very close the BNP MP Nadim Mostofa. After the nephew of Ex Deputy Land Minister was killed by Shorbohara, to suppress them, Militants were let loose in the battle field, it is heard. At the beginning, they called them as, ‚Dulu Bahini, ‚Gama Bahini’, ‚Al-Quaida Bahini’, ‚Muslim Rakhsha Parishad’, ‚Mujahedin Bangladesh’, ‚Harkat ul-Jihad’, and other names. Later on they were combined and made operations under the name, ‚Jagroto Muslim Jonota Bangladesh’ or JMB. Within few days after their operations against Shorbohara began, people could understand, the actual aim was not to uproot Shorbohara. Soon they were fed up with the miscreants of this new anti-constitution and anti-state activists.
Who is this Bangla Bhai? : Bangla Nhai is name of a ‚panic-maker’ in Northbengal. He first appeared to uproot the Shorbohara. But his tortures, oppressions were much more! He is the Chief of Jagroto Muslim Bangladesh and operational Chief of Jamaatul Mujahidin Bangladesh (JMB), Bangla Bhai alias Siddiqul Islam (45) s/o Najir Hossain. He is from Gabtali Upozilla, District Bogra, in village Kornipara, Mohishbathan Union.
From the Sartaj Fazil Madrasha of the same Upozilla, he passed Dakhil Examination in 1989, Alim Examination in 1991. He passed B.A. (Hons) in Bengali from the Bogra Azizul Hoq College in 1995 and 1997, got the Masters Degree here. In Lathiganj School and College (Gabtali), he worked as lecturer of Bengali for 3 years. In this time he also directed Retina, Coaching Centre run by Chatrashibir in Bogra Town.
Another source says, as his result was not satisfactory, he started working with the Chatrashibir Coaching centre in Dhaka. His brother Rafikul Islam has done Chatal business in Gerírhat, Gabtoli. Another brother Jahurul Islam ist he teacher of Moksedia Alim Madrasha in Mohishbathan Union. He married the daughter of Chilmanerpara Madrasha Teacher Ibrahim Hossain, Rokeya Begum of Shaghata Village and Upozilla of Gaibandha District. One of his brothers-in-law Omar Faruk is also a teacher of this Madrasha. As student, Banglabhai was active with Chtrashibir politics.
International Militant-connection and Bangla Bhai: He joined the Islamic extreme terrorist group in Dhaka and related with one communal leader and the dreamer of so-called Islamic Revolution, Shayokh Abdur Rahman of Jamalpur. He became a friend of Dr. Professor Muhammad Asadullah-Al-Ghalib. He directed the Motivation and Training Camps in order to create Muslim and Jihadi organisations. The poor youths of villages were recruited. In villages, in the Mosques and Madrashas, organisational and armed trainings were given. Dr. M. Asadullah al-Ghalib, ‚Bangla Bhai’, Shayokh Abdur Rahman, Jamaatul Mujahidin Bangladesh, Jagroto Muslim Jonota Bangladesh and Ahle Haduth Movement Bangladesh are all knoted in the same thread. The theory of Dr. Galib is to capture the state power through Jihad. But before that ‚the society must be made uneasy with terrors and violence. People must be poisoned about the present social and state structures.’ Taking lessons on this, including Rajshahi, Dinajpur, Bogra, Natore, Chapai Nowabganj, Shatkhira, Sylhet, Jamalpur, Comilla, Jaipurhat in about 60 Districts of Bangladesh, their activities were intensified. They have a big workers group of good organised 50,000 members. With ‚Bagar’ or Bangla Bhai-Ghalib and Rahman have relations with Pakistan, Lybiya, Afganistan, Kashmir, Rohinga Refugees-terrorists and with many other fundamentalists and armed organisations of many countries. These three persons arranged millions of foreign money and with this big finance, are trying to impose religious administration upon the people in the name of so-called ‚Islamic Revolution’ through directing terrors, bombings, murders-tortures in different places of the country.
It is complained that long 25 years they have organised secretly and only before 8/10 years, they started open terrorism. With the help of the above mentioned 3 persons, with a view to preach and extend Islam in Bangladesh, from the northern Province of India, Abdul Matin Salafi collected fund from Middle East and started to send cash money here through the borders of Chapai Nowabganj and Lalgola India and other borders. It is known as ‚Salafi Movement’ in Saudi Arabia but in Bangladesh it is as ‚Ahle Hadith Juboshangha or Jagroto Muslim Jonota (JMB). The same organisation is in India, ‚Jayse Hind’ and ‚Jayse Muhammad’ Militants in Pakistan. There are informations, they have also connections with Al-Quaida net work. In Bangladesh Army, there are about 3,000 Ghalib-supporters. But Dr. Ghalib and his followers claim that they have no relation with Militancy.
First operation in Nothbengal : Bangla Bhai led an armed fight agaist Police in Puthia 0n 1 August 2003. It happened in Maheshpur village in Khetlal Upozialla, Joypurhat. Babgla Bhai and his followers looted police arms. As Mujahid of Bangladesh of Jamaatul Mujahidin, Bangla Bhai took part in that fight against Police. It was his first operation inside Bangladesh. Here with Jihad-documents, 19 armed cadres of Bangla Bhai were arrested. After few days, while visiting his arrested partners, Bangla Bhai was also arrested.
Bangla Bhai was arrested, but…: on 17th August 2002 in Mollahat, Bagerhat on the charges of tortures on religious minorities and to kill Awami League leader and his daughter, Police arrested Bangla Bhai and his followers. After arrest, he kept his Militant Identity secret and identified himself as a leader of Bangladesh Ahle Hadith Movement and a learned Alim and told his name as Siddikul Islam. He was then 4 weeks in the Bagerhat Prison. But he was released through the recommendations of some BNP-Jamat government’s influential Ministers and MPs. Recently, this case was reactivated and a charge sheet was submitted against Bangla Bhai and his followers.
The meeting of Banglla Bhai with SP Masud Mia: On 24 April 2004 morning around 9-30, Bangla Bhai in a white Micro van (Dhaka Metro Cho-11-0411) with 7/8 armed cadres started from Baghmara. In Mohonpur, people attacked the Microbus. They thought the passengers were robbers. Bangla Bhai informed police in wireless of the cadres. Police rushed in and recovered them. At morning 10-30, in the crossing of Rajshahi Bornali, for the second time the bus was attacked by people. In the same way, Bangla Bhai sent message to Alfa-1(Set of Police Commissioner). A special group of RMP Police came and escorted the Bus directly to the office of Police Superintendent. In the office SP Masud Mia, 2 hours close-door Meeting was held. After the sitting, Bangla Bhai returned to Baghmara with the Microbus. Before this day, two nights, a group of Bangla Bhai cadre’s patrolled the city in many places with arms.
The Bangla Bhai Armed cadres’ attack on Rajshahi: On 23 May, 2004, with thousands of cadres, Bangla Bhai made a parade in Rajshahi. After the armed parade, Militants submitted Memorandum to he then District Commissioner (now Commissioner of Dhaka Division) M. Aziz Hasan, SP Masud Mia and DIG (present IG of Police) Nur Muhammad in the name of ’Jagroto Muslim Jonota Bangladesh.’ The Administration gave protections to the armed Militants as honourable guests. The total city became panicky with the armed agitations and assembly of the armed Militants.
What Bangla Bhai and his followers did: They took the law in their hands, caused the reign of terror in the name of controlling the Shorbohara. Some influential MP, Ministers and Police helped them. In the name of JMB, the Militant armed Cadres created a parallel state of tortures and lawlessness. Bangla Bhai, in the name of Shorbohara-suppression, reigned in Baghmara, Puthia, Durgapur of Rajshahi, Noldanga of Natore, Atrai of Naogaon and adjacent areas of these Upozillas. He has announced many so called religious decrees (Fatwa) on the people. Namaj (Prayer) was made compulsory. Even non-Muslims were compelled to pray! Smoking was prohibited; Borqua for women was a must. If anybody defies, he was put to untold tortures. At least 9 ‚torture-camps’ were built up. There in the procedures of the Middle East barbarous methods, tortures were done. Any body was doubted as Shorbohara, was brought and his hands and feet were fractured. While torturing, through microphone, the cryings were broadcast, so that public could hear! It was done to break the moral of the common people.
Threatens to kill Journalists and Politicians: Babgla Bhai and his followers had tremendous anger with the journalists. On 23 May 2004, in different Road-corners, Militants organised street meetings and threatened the Journalists of Janakantha, Rajshahi Staff Reporter Anisuzzaman, Jahangir Alam Akash of Deutsce Welle (Freelancer) and Daily Sangbad (staff reporter), local Daily Sonali Sangbad Staff Reporter Mahtab Choudhury, Photo Journalist Selim Jahangir, President of Rajshahi District Awami League and former MP Advocate Tajul Islam Muhammad Faruque and Workers Party Polite Bureau member newly elected MP Fozle Hossain Badshah.
The first GD entry against Bangla Bhai to stop the Militants’ killings-oppressions: Personally I am a professional Journalist and Humanrights activist. But as my commitment to the society, on 30 May 2004, I submitted two GD entries against the JMB tortures, oppressions and the forceful contributions-collections and their threats to the Journalists 2 political leaders and murders by the Bangla Bhai and his armed cadres. But Police did not enquire tha cases till today. It is stated in GD, (Baghmara Thana GD No.- 1647, Boalia Than GD No.- 1587, both were dated 30-05-2004), From the 1 April 2004, in greater Rajshahi Area in Baghmara, Atrai, Raninagar, Noldanga (Natore), Durgapur, Puthia and other areas, in the name of so-called subdue of Shorbohara, endless and untold tortures are being committed on the common people. Murder, Rape, Contribution-collection, Plundering of crops and other miscreants are in abundance. Although the state has a democratic government and regular law and order-force authorities, a private armed cadres so called Bangla Bhai armed militants, defying all rules, laws of the country are committing heinous and barbarous tortures. Men are hanged in trees after the torture. People have become panicky with terrible fear of terrors. As per 35 (5) clause of Bangladesh Constitution and as per the Universal Decree of Human rights Para 5, nobody can torture anybody under any circumstances. But the self proclaimed ‚Bangla Bhai’ alias Siddikul Islam s/o Najir Hossain alias Shamsher Ali, village: Kornipara, Upozilla: Gabtali, district: Bogra is leading the tortures and persecutions in the name of so-called controlling the Shorbohara, as like as the 1971 black days. From 1 April to this day (GD entry), including one retired Army member, Bangla Bhai through tortures, has killed 10 persons in total. About 200 people have been so far injured.
The armed militants of Bangla Bhai threatened openly to kill 4 journalists and two political leaders of Rajshahi, Tajul Islam Islam Muhammad Faruque, President District Awami League and Fozle Hossain Badsha, Polite Bureau Member of the Workers Party (now member of the Parliament) on 23 May 2004, the day thousands of Bangla Bhai Cadres with lethal weapons entered in the Rajshahi City. This threat was made in the Zero Point where they organised a street meeting. In the GD entry it was mentioned. Except this, in no police station there is any report against Bangla Bhai. Police did make no enquiry of this GD entry.
Statements of the victims: Abdul Jalil (58) the brave Freedom Fighter of Raninagar, tortured by Bangla Vhai fought for the liberation of Bangladesh in 1971. While this patriot was eating, Bangla Bhai Cadre snatched away the plate from him and beat him mercilessly. He described his story with eyes full of tears. In the same way the night guard of Bheti Madrasha Abdur Razzak (52) was beaten. He was poured with hot water. He said that ‚Allah will punish them.’ Handicap Fazlur Rahman said, ‚ in this soil of mother Bangladesh, Bangla Bhai and his followers were hanged to death. But their patrons are still free. They also must be tried. I only want this.’ The victim of molestations, Housewife Shafi Nur Nahar said, ‚I first filed a case against the crimes of Bangla Bhai and his cadres. Out of fear, Advocate did not have the courage to take necessary actions for the case. Militant-helper and Godfather SP Masud Mia and all other cadres of Bangla Bhai must be brought to the court.’
Mother of Abu Taleb, Rabeya Bewa of Shajuria village (Baghmara) told about the missing son (after he was abducted by the Militants), ‚Militants of Bangla Bhai took away my son to the house of Ramjan Kaya. I went to Bangla Bhai, he kicked me to the ground. My son cried for water but he was not given even a drop! They also threatened me and my husband to kill. I have searched everywhere. But till today, there is no trace of my son. What shall I eat now? I want justice and compensation. Khodeja Bewa, mother of Mukul said, ‚ In Taherpur High School ground, in the name of Islamic meeting, they took my son away. There he was hanged in the tree and killed. I have heard his cry, during the torture. I want justice.’ Militants made Khejur’s dead body 4 pieces. Then they were buried under earth. The wife of Khejur said, ‚ at the wink of State Minister Alamgir Kabir took my husband from the house beating. They plundered the money from Paddy-sale and ornaments. My husband’s only crime was he was the Reading Room Secretary of Thana Chatraleague. How could Bangla Bhai in broad day light, in presence of Police, kill him? My old father-in-law, my two child daughters, what would happen to them now? Can Militants or their patron Alamgir say where was hall go now? Government made such an armed cadres, that other than killings, they could give nothing. On the 1 October, 2001, in Election Day at Shimba’s School, while Alamgir was canvassing, my husband protested. Later on they have made his dead body 4 pieces and took the revenge. Militants now say- we made Khejur 4 pieces, hanged the dead body of Badsha in tree. Nothing has happened. We would be arrested as a part of a drama. Nothing would occur to us. I want ‚hang till death’ of Ex state Minister Alamgir Kabir and cadres. ´They are still roaming, why law has not been enforced against them?’
The father of killed Diponkor, Dijendranath of Kashiabari (Atrai) said, ‚I want justice for the killing of my son. I want them to be hanged.’ Ismail father of murdered Yasin of Baghmara said,’ my son was the member of Awami League. I want justice for his killing. This is my only demand and request.’ Mohsin father of Monowar Hossain of Sargatia village of Noldanga who was killed on 1 April 2004 by Bangla Bhai himself, said, ‚ my son was a student of Taherpur Degree College and worker of Chatra league. The cadres of Minister Dulu (Deputy Minister Ruhul Quddus Dulu) not only killed my son, they also demolished and plundered my house. I with all my family members were threatened to be killed. After 1 October 2001 election Dulu cadres tried twice my son to kill. But I got no justice. I want now the justice form y son’s murder and compensation.’ Child daughter Farjana of the Rtd. Army member killed Sk. Farid of Bhonpara (Atrai) said, ‚my father was innocent. Why Bangla Bhai and his local cadres killed him? I want justice.’ Wife of Sk. Farid Laili Begum said, ‚ nine cadres and Bangla Bhai tortured my husband for 3 hours. And they killed him. I want justice.’ School teacher Mahmud Musa brother of Abdul Kayyum Badshah of Shafikpur Raninagar who was, after killing, hanged upside down in a tree by the road of Bamon village, of Bhatra Union, Nandigram, Bogra, said, ‚ on October 2001, Bangla Bhai did write a scandalous chapter of Bangladesh. We saw a new model of tortures-oppressions that time. We are the victims of the persecutions of Infamous Shayokh Abdur Rahman and JMB. We have law and order, Police, RAB, Army, BDR, then why a private Army was let loose on us? After kidnapping, my brother was taken to Bashbaria Camp. He was killed there. But Police did not yet search that Camp. The Camp is still active. They announced the trial and slaughter of Badshah through miking, and then he was killed. What a country we have, what law we have? I went to the then SP Fazlur Rahman and told if my brother was a criminal, arrest him, try him and if necessary hang him.SP said, this is the order of the political High Command. We can’t do anything. I want the hangings of Bangla Bhai, Shayokh Rahman and their patrons. In our area still now who roam with heads high, they threat us, they are to be arrested and tried. I want the punishments of Militant Godfather Ministers and MPs.
Case Study: The poor peasant Fazlur Rahman (45) of village Hasanpur, Dippur Union (Baghmara) is now handicap and walks with scratch. To feed 3 daughters, father Fazlu now beg from door to door as he cannot physically work. His body in different places is attacked gangrene as he can’t treat because of poverty. He is living with unbearable pains. Those have made him so, many of them were tried but others are still free. They are threatening him to withdraw the case. They say, otherwise, they would kill all family members. Following the family conflicts for land, the rivals went to Bangla Bhai and told Fazlur Rahman was a Shorbohara leader. Famous torture-expert cadres of Bangla Bhai took forcibly Fazlu to the Hamirkutsha Torture Camp. It happened on 20 April 2004. Around 11, the wife of Fazlu Josna Banu (38) was going to the local Health Centre with daughter and mother-in-law. In this time, Afzal, Akram, Amjad Nazrul Islam Nozu, Sharifuddin, Kamran, Abdul Jalil, Saiful Islam, Siddikur Rahman, Manju and other 20/25 Militant cadres took Fazlu to Bangla Bhai. On 19th April, the cadres attacked his house, robbed and messed up.
Awami League supporter Fazlur Rahman said, ‚ on the night around 9-00 a.m. Bangla Bhai demanded from me 2 lacs of Taka as ransom. He said; if you want to live, pay. I said, I have no capacity to pay. If I am a criminal, please try me. I was beaten on shoulder with a Hockey stick. I fell on the ground. I was tied in hands and feet and hanged up. Other than Bangla Bhai, another 10/12 cadres beat me with Hockey stick, Iron rod, Bambo-baton indiscriminately. My hands and feet were broken.’ On 23 April as plaintiff lodged a case in Baghmara Thana (case no. – 22 dated 23/04/04) against the Militants. Police made Charge sheet only in the names of Sharif and Nazrul, omitting others. Against this Charge sheet, in the first class Magistrate’s court a ‚not-agree’ application was submitted. Court has granted it. Fazlu complained that the defendants are threatening regularly to withdraw the case. Otherwise with all family members, he will be killed. Later in a newly filed case, Minister Aminul Hoq, BNP leader Shish Muhammad and some other Militants were sentences. Fazlur Rahman informed that because of handicap, he could not do any work. He was to maintain his family with the help of others. But how long? Before Fazlur Rahman, there is only darkness.
Sheikh Farid, is a retired Corporal of the Army. His father late Sk. Nasiruddin was a freedom fighter and an active leader of Awami League. He was elected as UP member and Chairman of Bonpara Union. He was very popular. Before the day of occurrence, for few days from local mosque’s mike, all Shorobohara members had been asked to surrender within next 26 April 2004 at the ground of Bhabanipur School unconditionally. Sk Touhidul Karim (46), elder brother of Sk. Farid informed that his brother was never related to Shorbohara. His neighbours, enemies in disguise of friends took him to the School ground with the tricks that they altogether would observe the surrenders. But Farid received one call in his Mobile. JMB leaders beat him with Hockey stick and Iron rod. About 15 minutes they continued the torture. Villagers took him to the Atrai Health Centre. From there he was taken to the Rajshahi Hospital. On the 1 May 2004 he died there. After talking with Sk Farid Family and local persons, it is known that Farid was the victim of political conspiracy of local BNP and Jamat leaders and workers. They were all members of Shorbohara in the past.They are now under the leadership of Bangla Bhai, members of JMB. To keep clean the ways of the BNP-Jamat leadership for the next 9th Parliament election, they had removed the thorn, Sk. Farid with the help of Bangla Bhai. The cousin of Sk. Farid, Headmaster of Bhonpara High School, Sk. Sirajul Islam said that the Jamat-supporters, through bribery, had arranged his killings by the Bangla Bhai cadres. Family members knew the names who had killed him in broad day light through heinous tortures. But nobody wanted to utter out of fear. The future of 16 year old son Al-Amin and 13 year daughter Farzana of killed Sk. Farid is now before an uncertain destruction.
No progress in case enquiry, the commander of the torture camp has not been arrested: Most of the local comanders of torture camps of Bangla Bhai are not still arrested. No progess is on the torture, murder and kidnap cases. Plaintiff of the most cases are Police. The oppressed family members had no courage go to the Police and file cases. The Rajshahi Range Police, Rajshahi and Naogaon District Police or the officer’s in-charges of Baghmara, Atrai and Raninagor could not inform about the latest progress of the enquiries. In many killing cases, the police have filed cases against the victims! In Hamirkutsha village of Baghmara, the first torture camp of Bangla Bhai was founded. It was in the house of infamous Rajakar Ramjan Kaya. Through this camp the torture-programme was started. The Court of Bangla Bhai was in the Camp. As per the judgments, convicted were tortured. Some were killed, others were made handicaps, hands and feet of some were fractured. Most of the victims were hanged in the tree or by the ceilings of room and then flogged. Bangla Bhai lived in this camp and supervised all the activities. After few days in village Atgram (Atrai) another Torture Camp was established by the side of the police station. Hemayet Hossain Himu and Nazrul Islam were the directors of this Camp. It was in the house of Abdus Salam, brother of Bangla Bhai. The third Cam was in Gulia Gram (Atrai) by the side of Jagodish High School. Commander was the Ex Chatrashibir leader and teacher of the School, Abul Hossain.
From the published information, it is learnt that now Abul Hossain is the General Secretary of the Atrai Upozilla Zia Council. By the side of the Police outpost in Borogacha (Raninagar) in Bashbaria village at the house of Khabir Refugee, the commander of the Torture Camp was Ex Nakshal leader Habibur Rahman Hobi and local BNP leader Montu Daktar. The 5th Camp was in Jamgram (Atrai). The 6th was in Raninagar Bhiti Madrasha ground. Later on this Camp was used as the Bangla Bhai and his cadres’ Headquarter. Shayokh Abdur Rahman was personally present here and supervised the trials and tortures here. In Rajshahi and Natore, there were 9 Camps. For the security of the camps, Police was responsible. Recently Ramjan Kaya has been arrested on the charges of kidnapping.
What Bangla Bhai said: Bangla Bhai said during his operation, ‚to suppress the Shorbohara, ‚I am in the movement with the common people. Till Shorbohara is totally vanished, our operations will go on. JMB members are not torturing anybody. Shorboharas are the victims of ‚peoples-anger! We rescue from the furious people and then handover to the police. Land state Minister Ruhul Quddus Talukdar Dulu, SP Masud Mia, many other big political leaders of Rajshahi and Police Officers are very happy with our activities.’ On the 3rd May 2004, while Bangla Bhai gave a Press Conference for some Journalists in a house at RamRama village, Hamirkutsha Union (Bagmara), SP Masud mia arranged his protection. On the 9th May 2004, in Bagmara, Rajshahi, Bangla Bhai introduced Shayokh Abdur Rahman as his spiritual Guru. The victims of this area know that before the hangings to deaths, Bangla Bhai and Shayokh Abdur Rahman wanted to talk with Media. But the Army controlled, angel like interim government did not allow it. Conscious people think, if they were presented to the Media before their deaths, including the identities of the background patrons, Godfathers of Militants and many other unknown facts would come out. The victims demand to the ‘democratic’ government of Sk. Hasina, the Godfathers and helpers of Bangla Bhai and Shayokh Abdur Rahman, the Ex Ministers, Ex Mayor, ex MPs, Police Officers, District Administration and local Militants must all be brought to book. At the same time, due compensations are to paid to the families of victims.
From the book “Struggle for Peace”.
From the book “Struggle for Peace”.
By Jahangir Alam Akash, In the night of 21 February 1952 at the gate of Rajshahi College Hostel near F-Block, a small Martyr-Monument was built by the language-soldiers. It was at left of the entrance of the Hostel. It was known as ‚Martyr-Memorial-Tower’. It ist he first Martyr-Monument of the country! Constructed by brick, mud and sand-earth, beneath was written the famous lnes of Worl-dpoet Rabindranath Tagore, ‚ Whose message we hear from the path of sunrise, don’t be afraid, have no fear, who sacrifices his life thoroughly, he never ends, he lives ever’.
But he Muslim league hooligans with the help of police raised to the ground before the sunrise of 22 February 1952. Later on another monument was built adjacent in the similar way. That was also demolished. Now a demand has been made to re-construct this monument and to declare it on state-level as the first ‚Maryr-Monument’ of the country. For this reason, the language-soldiers, cultural-workers and the progessive circle have decided to show respect to the martyrs on Language-Martyr-Day in this place where no Monnument now exists.
The leaders of the then Language-Movements have said that, the first Monument exists no more. It must be re-constructed. In the last year (2007) on second week of February, I contacted some Language-Soldiers and assembled them in this place. I wanted to broadcast a report in a private TV-Chanel (recently-closed) and made the recordings of their memories. Those who came in the Rajshahi Govt. College Hostel, amongst them were: prominent Advocate Gholam Arif Tipu, Saiduddin Ahmed and Abul Hossain. From these political leaders of all progressive movements including that language, we came to know the history of the making of Martyr-Monument at the gate of of the then Rajshahi College Hostel. In the language movement, with Capital Dhaka, the contributions of the old traditional city, Rajshahi had also important contributions. On 21 February 1952, students in Dhaka decided to submit memorendum with the deamd fort he recognition of Bengali as state-language. Govt. proclaimed 144. Students disobeyed and made processions on the streets. Random shots were made to them by Police. Many were died and injured. In the evening came this news in Rajshahi. Around 9-00 p.m. at night (21.02.1952), a students meeting was held in Rajshahi College Hostel.
From the then representative of the students community of Rajshahi, present were: Late Dr. S.M.A. Gaffar, (now famous Advocate) Gholam Arif Tipu, Momtajuddin Ahmed (prominent dramatist and actor), Habibur Rahman (Gurudaspur, Natore), Abul Hossain (present President of Rajshahi united cultural qualitions), Saiduddin Ahmed (now physically ill), Abdur Rajjak (Ex VP of RUCSU and now prominent Advocate) and others. A Studtents Action Committe was formed. President was the then student of Rajshahi Medical College, SMA Gaffar. Jointly Secretaries were Gholam Arif Tipu and Habibur Rahman. On the memory of the the dead students in Dhaka by Police firings, in that night, a decision was taken to erect one ‚Martyr-Monument-Tower’. From different places of Rajshahi, bricks and muds were collected and throughout whole night they constructed it. The members of the students action committe were busy to collect funds for the movement. So it could not be re-constructed in those days.
On the decision of on 21 February 1952 evening held students meeting, this Monument was built. Police and Muslim League ruffians demolished it. No re-construction was followed till now. Not only the language-soldiers, but everybody wants that this Monument must be preserved and re-constructed with the state-recognition. Rajshahi leaders of language movement claim this as to bet he first Memeorial-Monument of its kind in the country. February 2008
By Jahangir Alam Akash, Impunity has its peak now in Bangladesh. The violations of humanrights are increasing rapidly because of the impunity. Even those who protest, they are harassed. Killing-torture, murder, rape, killings extra judiciary are day to day affairs now. Although Humanrights Commission and Judiciary has been separated, but against those who have violated humanrights, no effective measures have yet been taken. Army is misusing the judiciary. Bangladesh is now very dangerous for the Journalists and Humanrights-workers. Everyday they are intimidated. Even ome learned teachers were not exempted from Army-tortures. Professors were taken from their houses with eyes and faces tied up to the Army camps and how they were tortured there, that has passed the records upheld in 1971 war of liberation!
After 11 January change of government, bails were very much hard to obtain from the courts. But since few days, granting of the bails have been increased from the same courts.
It seems from the situation that the crisis of image which existed during the reign of terror under the BNP-Jamat qualition government, attempts are being made again from the highest level of the present government to restore (!) that! The editor-publisher of progessive national daily Jonokontho Mr. Atiqullah Khan Masud has been detained in a dark cell of a Jail. Without fare-trial, this brave freedom fighter was sentenced on more than one cases, it is complained. National and international appeals were made for his release but the interim Govt. did not pay any heed. Although they have acquitted many big corrupts. Aremy controlled govt. has not taken any decision about Mr. Atiqullah Khan Masud. After the present democrativ govt. came into power Mr.Khan Masud was released.
Killers and torturers are not tried here. In the last 15 years about 29 Journalists, writers and humanrightsworkers have been murdered. No fare enquiry or trial was happened! Real killers and their Godfathers are still out of touch and catch. Army officers accused of killlings extra Judiciary are impuned! Journalists and humanrights-defenders are in great risk here. The Army or the govt- Officers who had arrested them and threatened them or tortured them, they are imouned by the state. Complains are not even enquired. So the state-tortures are increasing. From the 12 January 2007, the Emergency was for about 24 months. In Emergency, the basic human rights are postponed. So there is nothing like humanright in Bangladesh then. In the name of interim govt., actually Army has rulled under the curtain. Many torture incidences happened on the Journalists and humanrights-workers by Army, DGFI and RAB members as they had made investigating reports. Many have left the country, others are passing days in nightmares inside the country. No action was staken against the torturers. Rather some of them were sent to UNO Peacemission abroad.
Their crimes are awarded!
Impunity and Indemnity are nothing new in Bangladesh. After the killings of Father of the nation, Sk. Mujibar Rahman on 15 August 1975, the army personals who were responsible for this hinious murders, were freed through the Indemnity Act of the state. Not only that, the confessed army officers were rewarded and given higher posts and diplomatic jobs abroad. This was the beginning. The process is still going on.
As per Bangladesh constitution Para 35 (5) and through the UNO universal decree no. 5 tortures are totally prohibited. Not only torture, nobody could be treated inhumanly or cruelly. Each year on 26 June in Bangladesh and all over the world, in support of the torture-victims an international day is observed. Compensations for the physical and mental victims of torture are ensured by every country’s constitution. But in reality the victims are passing days with untold and undescribable miseries.
For my investigating reports, as a professional Journalist and humanrights-worker, I was also the victim of Army elite force, Rapid Action Batellion/RAB. Besides the complains against me under the charges of 16(2) of 2007, three fake cases on ‚extortions’ were filed against me. I was not only physically assaulted. I and my family had been under constant mental harassments.
During BNP-Jamat qualition government, on the independence day of Bangladesh, 26 March 2004, the Elite Force, Rapid Action Batellion or RAB has started its operations. After itst birth, RAB has been killing persons in the name of Crossfire or Encounter. From the beginning to March 2008, only by RAB 540 were victims of killings extra Judiciary. In a Humanrights-report it is said that from January 2008 to June, through crossfires and encounters, the law and order authorities have killed 68 persons. At the same time 15 have died under police custody. At the end of May 2008 government through Army and Police organised special operations and within one month, arrested 50 thousands and 215 persons. Government did not take care of any rules or regulations and underwent with this massarrests. Another Report says, in 2007 within the custodies of RAB. Police and other law and order agencies, 184 persons were killed in so-called crossfire or encounter. From 16 October 2002 to 9 January 2003, through the operation ‚cleanheart’, 58 were killed and 11,000 persons were injured by the tortures of the joint forces. Out of these 11 thousands, eight thousands were innocents! But there was no trial for this indiscrepency! In 2003, in Parliament through Indemnity, the accused Army officers on the charges of tortures were acquitted by state. Against many Army officers of Bangladesh now working in UNO Peace Forces, there are allegations of direct tortures and distinct complains of the violations of humanrights. Dr. Mijanur Rahman Tutul, President of banned Purbo Bangla Communist Party (M L-L red flag) was killed in crossfire by Police on the morning of 27 July 2008 at Raninagar, Naogaon. On 25 July, Dr. Tutul was arrested from a house in Uttora, Dhaka by RAB-1 members. In the evening of 26 July the old mother (80) of Dr. Tutul appealed to the President of Bangladesh through the Journalists for the life of her son. She demanded if her son had done any crime, he should be treated under the existing laws of the country.
DGFI-members, much discussed during this government have caused the violation of humanrights shamelessly through the tortues on Journalists. Journalist-humanrights worker Tasnim Khalil wrote some reports on the violations of humanrights. DGFI arrested and took him to the Army Camp. He was mercilessly tortured. Being compelled, leaving the country, he is now living in Sweden. About the killing of Indigenious Cholesh Richil and Municipality Commissioner of Char Fashon Khabirul Islam Dulal who was killed under the custody of the Army, the assaults on NGO worker Shahidul Islam, Govt. did nothing, and took no action against the persons responsible. Who from the Army have tortured Journalist Tasnim, to identify them, is no difficult matter. But for the impunity, govt. will take no action against the Army. On 20th August on a triffle matter which started with a football game in Dhaka Stadium, Army took drastic actions and because of their exaggerations, cuntry-wide agitations and studetnts-movements began. It turned into people’s upheaval quickly. On the charges of breaking Emergeny Acts, more than one dosen teachers of DU and RU, and a huge number of students were arrested and cases were lodged against them. On the teachers and students, RAB Army members tortured with unparallel degree. Many teachers, students were sentenced without any fare trial. Teachers were released on peoples demands. But against some DU teachers, still some cases are hanging.
The chief witness of much discussed murder of Ahsanullah Master of Ghazipur, Shumon Ahmed was killed in crossfire. There was no trial. RAB members in Rajshahi beat and killed Ward-President of Workers Party Kamrul Islam alias Majnu Sk on the complain of so-called kidnapping. As Shorbohara terrorist, Chatraleague leader Ahsan Habib Babu was killied by RAB openly through brushfire. They killed the prominent businessman, Ali Jafar Babu of Rajshahi in his office. No RAB officer was tried although 2 separate cases to killl Ahsan Habib and Majnu Sk. Were filed. RAB has killed many AL, BNP, Shorbohara, Terrorists, Chatraleague and workers party workers but till today no Militant terrorist (Islamist) has been reported to be killed in crossfire or encounter by them. It shows, law of the country is not for all. State is creating willingly disparity to somebody. Police is also impuned like RAB and Army. On 16 April in Chittagong Stadium while a Cricket game was going on, without any provocation, Deputy Police Akbar and his Police force attacked journalists. Including the aged photographer journalist (65) Zahirul Hoq, Shah Shamsul Hoq Tenku, 19 journalists were wounded. No action was taken agaist the police. There are hundreds of such examples!
If any one dies under the law and order-custody, it is a great default for the state. If humanrights is violated, victims demand justice from the state. But when state itself violets? Through impunity makes the responsible for the murders extra Judiciary free from justice. Including Impunity ordinance all other such indemnity Acts must be abolished. So justice can be guaranteed for all sorts of crimes. Against Militants severe actions must be taken to ensure social harmony.Terror can’t stop terror. (December, 2009)
By Jahangir Alam Akash, After some moment whole over the world would be celebrating the International women day on 8th March. This year 2010 is the 100th year of the International day for women. But, still women have been facing great challenge in most of the countries of the world. Many countries of the world have no actual human rights. And the women rights can’t imagine there. Women rights are the human rights.
Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable country in the world where there women are passing in very danger situation. Indeed in Bangladesh have gotten two great women leaders Sheikh Hasina and Begum Khaleda Zia who have been governing Bangladesh since 1991. Presently Sheikh Hasina has governing Bangladesh as a Prime Minister. And Begum Zia was a former Prime Minister of Bangladesh. But, yet the women are crying for their rights and security. Though, every day many women’s have been torturing, killings. Violence against women is a common picture in Bangladesh.
Many women in Bangladesh suffer from rape, gang rape, murder, torture and acid throwing. The position of women in Bangladesh is vulnerable. Even though Bangladesh has an elected government, the difficulties facing women haven’t ended. Violence against women is a common feature in Bangladesh, and women face various problems under the system of repression.
The main types of the oppression of women include dowry, trafficking, kidnapping, rape, physical torture and acid throwing. Almost every day, women are victimized by these acts of violence and repression. And domestic violence at the hands of husbands is a very routine practice in Bangladesh.
According to a survey conducted by the Bangladesh Mahila Parishad, at least 937 women were killed during the period from January to October this year. Prominent human rights leader and BMP president, Ayesha Khanam, said that although an elected government is now in power and there are conscious people in the ministry and in parliament, women continue to face violence. (Source: The Daily Star, 12/7/2009)
There is one example of a sensationalistic gang rape case. On Sept. 25, an adolescent was gang raped following her abduction by ten Bangladesh Chhatra League activists while she was returning from a Puja Mandap in the Kolapar subdistrict of the Patuakhali district. Also, on Nov. 8, one Bir Bengal attempted to rape a woman, Jamnua Chakma, age 21, in the Ghilachari army camp in the Naniachar subdistrict of Rangamati. She is wife of Shyamal Kanti Chakma.
In Bangladesh, there are many laws for the protection of women, yet the oppression of women hasn’t lessened. It is hard to imagine that it will be stopped in the near future. What is causing this situation? It is because there is no rule of law and no good governance. Impunity and corruption are very common in Bangladesh, and illegal political interference on behalf of criminals is another reason that women’s persecution continues.
Bangladesh has many laws for the protection of women. For example, the Suppression of Immoral Traffic Act 1933, the Family Court Ordinance, the Cruelty to Women (Deterrent Punishment) Ordinance, the Trafficking in Women and Children Act 1993, the Dowry Prohibition Act, the Prevention of Women and Child Repression Act (2000), etc.
The problem is that every case of oppression of women involves the police, witnesses, lawyers, magistrates or judges, and often doctors. If all the parties involved perform their professional and moral obligation, then the perpetrator will be punished. But, with some exceptions, most of the parties are involved in corruption or are irresponsible. Political pressuring can also hamper the investigation of cases involve women’s repression. Sometimes, to protect themselves, witnesses in the cases will not give truthful statements to the court.
The Bangladesh Institute of Human Rights (BIHR) is a Bangladesh Awami League government-supported human rights organization. According to this organization, during the first six months of this year, 1,479 women were raped. The Minister for Home Affairs Sahara Khatun shared this figure with the national assembly.
According to a monitoring cell at the police headquarters, from January to October 2009, at least 3,413 women were tortured over dowry, 83 women fall victim to torture, 2,336 were abducted, 2,476 were raped, 36 were killed after rape, 33 were injured after rape, and 117 women were killed.
In Bangladesh have no equal rights in practice for women. The women have facing difficulties by various ways. Especially the working women are facing these difficulties like discrimination of wages. According to the daily Star (8-3-2010), Acid Survivors Foundation (ASF) Executive Director Monira Rahman said, in the last 100 years the world achieved a lot, but it is a matter of regret that violence against women, especially in countries such as Bangladesh, is still widespread. Referring to a WHO study in 2005, she said 57.5 percent of women in Bangladesh are sexually and physically tortured. In reality, the rate is much higher, she said. Monira told, there were 490 incidents of acid throwing in 2002.
Still three accused rapist and provocateurs to death of sensational mass raped and killing case of Mohima. We are hearing from abroad that the family members of Simee have been facing insecurity still. And after happening women persecution our NGO’s starting their activity. But, after some days they turned to back. Then the real problem has starting for a victim family.
We can give an example on Rajufa and Sheulee rape cases. After raped to Sheulee the rapist was murdered to the father of rape victim. And they were started false cases against the relatives of Sheulee. But, no body comes to help of this helpless and oppressed family. In the same situation has going on Rajufa’s family. The Indigenous, Christian and the Hindu women have been insecure more than Muslim women. Many NGO have been working for the rights of women. But, they have no coordination. They have been working for the women rights as for the problem of cover. Never have they wanted to go inside or the root cause of a problem.
In order to prevent violence against women, it is necessary to practice the rule of law, carry out proper and competent investigations, should reduce poverty and all kinds of discrimination (man and women) and implement existing laws protecting women. At the same time, it is necessary to ensure the security of witnesses and victims, and corruption must be fought against during the time from when the case is filed until the trial is finished. And political pressuring must be stopped. To prevent women’s oppression, men must first come forward. The question remains: is the Bangladesh government ready to tackle any and all kinds of violence against women?
The present government has passed one year already. But, they didn’t take any step for the rights of women. Even the women development policy of 1997 hasn’t reinstead. We want to see that, Bangladesh government should take positive step for the empowerment and for the rights of women immediately.
By Jahangir Alam Akash, Bangladesh is a country where there is no right to life. Rather, exercising the death penalty and extra judicial killings violates the right, which is common practice. Every year many peoples are handed the death penalty and many more die due to extra judicial killings. There are no statistics on the number of people killed since Bangladesh attained independence.
The death penalty is a kind of killing. Recently, five persons were handed the death penalty in a day. On Jan. 28, the decision was made by the Bangladesh Supreme Court to execute the self-declared killers of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the founding leader of Bangladesh. However, questions have risen on the execution procedure.
Here are some statistics on extra judicial killings in Bangladesh, specifically for human rights organization and bodies working on national and international levels, for human rights.
Extra judicial killings since 2004 have resulted in at least 1,600 deaths. Fifty-eight people were killed during “Operation Clean Heart” led by the army, in 2002. The mutiny by the Bangladesh Rifles regiment in February 2009 resulted in the deaths of 74 people including 57 meritorious army officers.
According to the daily Bhorer Kagoj, after the mutiny at least 71 BDR mutineers died in police custody. It is alleged that most were tortured before death.
The death penalty is extremely inhuman, degrading and cruel. The constitution and the Universal Declaration on Human Rights prohibit it, but Bangladesh continues to exercise it.
According to the book “The death penalty,” most executions in 2008 were carried out in Asia. Eleven Asian nations – Afghanistan, Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Japan, North Korea, Malaysia, Mongolia, Pakistan, Singapore, and Vietnam – still continue to practice the death penalty.
China alone accounted for at least 1,718 executions although the figure is believed to be much higher, as statistics on death sentences and executions are not publicly disclosed and are considered state secrets.
The Middle East and North Africa were second highest with 508 executions. In Iran, stoning and hanging are among the most cruel and inhumane methods used for carrying out death sentences and least 346 people have been executed including eight juvenile offenders. In Saudi Arabia, where beheadings in public is common practice, at least 102 people have been executed.
In the Americas, 37 executions were carried out in 2008, most in the state of Texas. The release of four men from death row in the United States on grounds of innocence brings the total to more than 120 released since 1975. The only other country in the Americas to carry out the death penalty in 2008 was St Kitts and Nevis, the first Caribbean state to carry out an execution since 2003.
According to Amnesty International, 93 percent of the world death penalty took place in China including other four countries.
DW-Bengali’s online section wrote on Feb. 25 that the European Union published a declaration on anti-death penalty. Europe is the first region, which there is no death penalty. The United States, China, Africa and some Asian countries contradicted a EU proposal on anti-death penalty presented to the Human Rights Commission in Geneva and the general assembly of the United Nations in 1998. However, in 2007, the proposal was finally passed by the U.N. general assembly.
Fifty-eight percent of people in China support the death penalty. That said 93 countries have already abolished the death penalty by making it law. Unfortunately, some 141 countries still practice the death penalty.
Historically, Italy has a strong background on the anti-death penalty movement. We must salute Italy as well as other EU states for their dedicated efforts to preserve the right to life and other human rights.
Bangladesh should obey the national and international treaties and human rights declarations and abolish the death penalty immediately, if they believe, even a bit, that life and rights are valuable.
By Jahangir Alam Akash, Three more people were killed in extra judicially by RAB in Dhaka. Two were killed at Keranigonj of Dhaka. On 28th February, 2010 early in the morning it was happened. The killed are Pappu (27) and Abdus Sattar (26). Source: the Editor, 28-2-2010. And one other was killed in front of Chittra cinema hall of old Dhaka on March 2, 2010. The killed was identified as Mamun. Source: the daily Star, 2-3-2010.
With this killing, 156 people were killed extra judicially in Bangladesh under the present Awami League government. Extra judicial killings were started by RAB during BNP-Jammat government in 2004.
Previous more information’s on extra judicial killings. Please see and read it.
Another person was killed in extra judicially in Bangladesh. Today on 24th February, 2010 it happened by police at Pangsha of Rajbari. (Source: the daily Star, internet edition, 24-2-2010). The killed was identified as Ramzan Ali. With this killing, 153 people were killed extra judicially in Bangladesh under the present Awami League government.
The power of RAB is stronger than government. Is it true for Bangladesh? Or is RAB a ‘God’ in Bangladesh, whom couldn’t touch by anyone? Or the government himself wants to continue extra judicial killings? Many questions are rounding in our minds. Because, High Court orders, national and international voice against extra judicial killings, Constitution, Universal Declaration of Human Rights nowhere allowed killings and torturing. Even torturing is prohibited of the religion. In spite of they are doing this inhuman work continuously.
Today on 23rd February, 2010 another person was killed by RAB-police in extra judicially. The killed is Saidul Islam in Kushtia. Before this killing on 15 February, 2010 another was killed by RAB at Kafrul in Dhaka. The killed was identified as Parvez. Osman Goni was killed by RAB-police on 30 January of this year at Dakshin Rangamatia village in Fatikchhari upazila of Chittagong. After passing the order against extra judicial killings by high court how could law enforcers killing one after another in extra judicially?
With these killing, 152 people were killed extra judicially in Bangladesh under the present Awami League government. Extra judicial killing have been going on by the violating of highest court ruling ordered. Not only have that by this killing the Bangladesh government is violating the Constitution and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Actually there is (Bangladesh) no right to life.
The term “extrajudicial killing” means execution without justice. This is a grave human rights violation. It’s both a violation of Bangladesh’s constitution and of the UN’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights. But these types of killings still occur frequently in Bangladesh.The State Minister for Home Affairs and the Prime Minister of Bangladesh openly support the extrajudicial killings, despite the fact that Bangladesh signed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Convention Against Torture. Not only that, the constitution of Bangladesh also safeguards the right to life.
The government of Bangladesh has been violating the constitution and Universal Declaration of Human Rights since 2004. According to Article 35(5) of the constitution of Bangladesh and Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, “No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.” And according to Article 3 of the constitution of Bangladesh, “Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.” But, in practice, Bangladesh does not ensure the right to life and has not complied with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the constitution of Bangladesh.
We can see that state institutions such as the judiciary, the rule of law, regulations, the constitution and the national assembly have been disabled. The media’s role regarding extrajudicial killings covered up under reports of “crossfire”, “gunfights” or “encounters” is negative and constrained. The media has only been publishing the normal reports about these encounters filed by the RAB or the police themselves.
A few human rights organizations have long been asking the government to stop the killings, terming them “extrajudicial”. Moreover, the High Court of Bangladesh, on June 29, 2009, asked the government to explain why killing people without a trial, in the form of extrajudicial killings, is not being declared as illegal, and why measures are not being taken against the perpetrators. After this ruling, we still haven’t seen anything happen.
Extrajudicial killings continue even in violation of the High Court’s ruling. How can they continue? It’s very alarming for human rights, democracy and the right to life. And why is the High Court silent regarding this gross human rights violation?
Both governmental and nongovernmental sources have said that the death toll has reached 152 from such extrajudicial killings – labeled as “crossfire” killings, “encounter” killings or “gunfight” killings by the Rapid Action Battalion (RAB) and the police – since January 6, 2009 (from January 6, 2009 to 23 February, 2010) when the Awami League-led government assumed office. In Bangladesh, we have a so-called democracy, but there is no rule of law. Every day sees more killings of citizens by the state machinery, killings which are both well-planned and covered up.
The government of Bangladesh has been violating the constitution and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights day after day since 2002 (including operation clean heart).
In 2004, the BNP-Jamaat government made a decision about extrajudicial killings and formed the RAB. From March 26, 2004 until January 31, 2009, around 1,600 people (including 58 killed peoples in operation clean heart of 2002) have been killed without justice.
The government of Bangladesh has sided with the extrajudicial killings. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has also said, in an indirect way, that extrajudicial killings will continue. She spoke clearly, upholding “crossfire” killings. What was said by our popular Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina in New York is very unfortunate for the rule of law, democracy, the constitution, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as the people of Bangladesh.
According to the Bdnews24.com, Sheikh Hasina talked with journalists in New York on Sept. 27, 2009. Referring to “crossfire” killings at the time, she said, “I do not believe in extrajudicial killings. But if anyone launches an armed attack (against a law enforcer), then they shouldn’t be allowed to kill them like sitting ducks.”
Bangladesh’s elite Rapid Action Battalion continues to engage in extrajudicial killings despite Supreme Court directives to halt it. Although the court is handling the issue of extrajudicial killings, RAB does not seem to be bothered either about the judiciary or the country’s laws.
At least 16 people were killed in RAB-police’s custody since the court issued a suo moto order on Nov. 17, last year asking the government for an explanation into such types of killings.
The High Court on Dec. 14, last year expressed grave concern over the recurring extrajudicial killings even as 11 people were killed in custody since the issuance of a suo moto order on Nov. 17, asking the government for an explanation on the matter.
During the court hearing, the Attorney General was asked to convey the court’s concern to the director general of RAB. The High Court also asked the Attorney General to take initiatives so that no such killings took place till the next hearing scheduled for January 9. In addition, the HC also asked the state’s top law officer for the names of RAB officials of Madaripur that were involved in detaining two brothers Lutfor and Khairul Khalasi who were killed on November 16.
But, after January 9, 2010 what happened by high court we couldn’t know. We haven’t seen any news in the media of Bangladesh on this matter. Our question is that, why the judiciary department and national human rights commission blind on this human rights violation issues?
When the present ruling Awami League party was in opposition, they often raised their voices against extrajudicial killings. Not only that, during the last general election, which brought them to power, they often said that extrajudicial killings should be stopped. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina also told the international community that her government did not support extrajudicial killings. Indeed, the government’s attitude, work and words on this issue of crossfire are unfortunately inappropriate.
The assertions of responsible people in the present government are shocking. Home minister Sahara Khatun recently said that, there was no crossfire. It seems, either directly or indirectly, the home minister and other minister’s are defending the perpetrators of such “crossfire” killings. Finally we can say that, in Bangladesh has no rule of law.
We want to say that the reports of so-called “crossfire” killings, “encounter” killings or “gunfight” killings that are made by the RAB and the police are totally false. We believe that terrorism should never be combated or controlled through state killings. It is the establishment of the rule of law that is essential to control terrorism.Without the democratic practice, rule of law and good governance how could we say that Bangladesh is a civilized country?